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The Anatomy of the Spine

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Maintaining Optimal Health through Spinal Alignment

Given the life-span of a human being, it’s imperative to keep a healthy aligned spine in order to maintain and prolong a healthy life. Good Health is one of life’s greatest blessings and it’s a common interest shared by all people. The greatest wealth is health.

Spine is the pillar of our body

The Spine is the Pillar of our Body. The brain and the spinal cord together make up the Central Nervous System, controlling all of the functions of our body. Therefore maintenance and health of our spine plays a vital role in the standard and quality of our daily lives.

Healthy spine is the basis for healthy life

Lower-back, shoulder, and arm pain are the results of poor posture, bad habits, incorrect exercise, and stress. The spinal problems along with lower-back pain and so many other disorders stem from the spine. Therefore, it’s evident that the spine is important in maintaining good health.

Did you know?

That the spinal cord is part of the central nervous system that connects and controls all of the body’s organs.

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Spinal Adjustment (Chiropractic)

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Chiropractic treatment techniques corrects and realigns the deformities of the spinal region through spinal manipulation therapy. Its founder, Dr. David Palmer called it “a science of healing without drugs”. Deformities of the spinal cord can affect the general health of a person through the nervous system, as the spine and health are related in a fundamental way. Realigning the deformities of the spine corrects the spinal misalignments which is a primary underlying risk factor for many diseases.

chiropractic's effectiveness

The effectiveness of chiropractic techniques have been evaluated and research results have been published by the joint efforts of the International Chiropractic Association and the Palmer Chiropractic Research Institute.

Anemia Insomnia Arthritis Kidney Problems Asthma Liver Problems Lower Back Pain Irregular Menstrual Cycles Hypertension/Hypotension Neuralgia/Neuritis Bronchitis Nausea Shoulder Pain Hypersensitivity Constipation Paralysis Dizziness Pleurisy Emotional Instability Rheumatism Bladder Disorder Hip & Pelvis Disorder General Muscle Tension Sciatica Fatigue Herniated Discs Thyroid Gland Disorders Scoliosis Allergies Stiff Neck Headaches Ulcer Protruded Discs Gastroenteritis Indigestion  


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Thermotherapy is the use of heat in therapy for pain relief and improvements in health can be applied through various forms. CERAGEM utilizes the benefits of Far Infrared Rays (FIR) heat therapy to apply deep penetrating heat in order to relieve the muscles and joints of stiffness and pain. Thermotherapy helps to improve blood circulation and the increased blood flow to the affected area provides proteins, nutrients, and oxygen for healing. The therapeutic effects of heat include decreasing joint stiffness, reducing muscle pain and spasms, reducing inflammation and arthritis, and aids in healing and in increasing blood flow throughout the body.


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Finger-Pressure (Acupressure) therapy utilizes the principles of acupuncture and alternative medicine, however points on the body are stimulated with finger pressure instead of the insertion of needles. Finger-Pressure is used to relieve the body of a variety of symptoms and pain and is also very effective in prevention and treatment for many health conditions: including headaches, general aches and pains, colds, arthritis, allergies, menstrual cramps, sprains, among others. Acupressure points can be stimulated to increase energy, reduce stress, stimulate the immune system, and alleviate sexual dysfunction.


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Moxibustion therapy uses mugwort (moxa) to warm regions and acupuncture points in order to stimulate circulation through the points and induce a smoother blood flow and energy (Qi). CERAGEM applies the therapy of Far Infrared Rays (FIR) to provide deep penetrating heat to the acupuncture points of the body. Moxibustion therapy is used to treat symptoms of the cold or flu, mitigate the dampness in the body, and has even been used to turn breech babies into a normal head-down position prior to childbirth.

Center of our body

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Even the grandest houses are like those built on sand if pillars are weak. Pillar determines the life of a house. Then what is the pillar of our body? It is our spine. Therefore, if we have spine problems, we start having various problems and we constantly need to fix those problems. So how does the spine actually look and what roles does it play

Center pillar that also protect the life line

The 31 pairs of spinal nerves stemming out from the spinal cord branches out through the vertebras and get connected to the body organs, muscles, blood vessels, ligaments and skin tissues. The spinal cord and the spinal nerves control all our senses, movements, posture, body temperature, heart rate, respiration, blood sugar level and all other bodily functions.

Lifeline of Our Body, Nervous System

When such stimulus as the light and sound are reached on the senses such as eyes and ears, these are transmitted in high speed to the brain and spinal cord through the peripheral nerves.This process gives us the feelings of senses. The central nerve sends to the muscles or each organ, appropriate orders to control various functions of body. So the peripheral nerve and the central nerve receive various kinds of stimulus from every corner of our body, and by responding to these stimuli, they ensure that our body acts properly. The brain, spinal cord and the peripheral nerves together are called the nervous system.

Spinal cord passes the information entering the body through peripheral nerves to the brain. It passes the brain commands to all the organs. Spinal nerves take this role because brain cannot directly send commands to the limbs.

Spinal cord plays the role of mediator because brain it self cannot send the signals all the way to the arms and legs. Therefore the brain signals are sent only to the spinal cord with super fast speed.

Central nerve, the parents of nervous system

Largely, the nervous system is divided to central nerves and the peripheral nerves. The central nerves refer to brain and the spinal cord ; brain is in the skull and is comprised of cerebrum, midbrain, interbrain, and cerebellum. The spinal cord is the nerves inside the spine and is connected to the hindbrain.

The children of the central nerves, the peripheral nervous system

Refers to all the nerves that branches out from the brain and the spinal cord and distributed to all the organs and tissues of the body. The peripheral nervous system is divided as the somatic nervous system (subject to the cerebrum’s rule), and the autonomic nervous system (non-subject to the cerebrum realm).

Somatic Nervous system Obeys the commands from cerebrum

The nervous system stems out from the brain and branches out to all parts of the body. If is comes from the brain, it’s called the cerebral nerve, if it’s from the spinal cord, it’s called the spinal nerves. Usually there are 12 pairs of cerebral nerves from the brain and distributed around the face. There are 31 pairs of spinal nerves from the spinal cord and distributed to the body and the limbs.

Autonomic Nervous System Does not obey the commands from cerebrum

The autonomic nerve system is distributed to the heart, blood vessels, lung and the digestive system. It is not subject to the rule of cerebrum ; it controls the functions of internal organs by its own accord. The autonomic nervous system is comprised of sympathetic nerve and the parasympathetic nerve. Usually, as shown in the following table, when one side is accelerated, then the other side is restrained. For example, if heart rate is accelerated by the sympathetic nervous system, the parasympathetic nerve slows it down.

Blood circulation sustains life.

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Most of blood is made within the spine. Therefore, if spine is crooked or out of place, then the blood does not get produced properly, and the spine nerves - which are the governing nervous system for blood circulation, would be put under pressure, causing problems in every each organ, and the blood circulation gets poor.

So if we remove the causes, would the blood circulation improve?

Unfortunately we are living in an environment where we simply cannot remove all the hindrances to good blood circulation. Along environment pollution, food with various kinds of additives and the surrounding that is full of toxic chemicals, are them selves hindrances to good blood circulation. All these polluting substances along with stress are increasing wastes in our blood, and we become sick so easily. This can easily be seen from the fact that there are none who are completely disease free. In western medicine, the causes of diseases are bacteria, virus and genetics, but in eastern medicine, the most primary cause for disease is the disability in circulation. The extravasated blood, which is the impurities within the blood, gets accumulated in one spot, then the people start to show various symptoms. The kind of symptoms shown is different from person to person. Blisters may appear in the womb, myoma, cystitis, frigidity, prostatitis, impotency, chilled limbs, arthritis and back pain may also appear. If extravasated blood is cleansed and unblocks the blocked blood vessel, then the blood circulation becomes normal. The cause for extravasated blood is, apart from virus or bacteria, the spleen not functioning properly to treat the impurities or the liver’s dysfunction and not purifying the blood. That is the spleen and the liver are the organs that neutralize the toxins and remove extravasated blood, and the above problem starts to occur if these organs do not function properly. Then why are organs such as the spleen and the liver do not function as they should? Most importantly it’s because the spine is crooked or the passage for the spinal nerves had narrowed and putting pressure to the spinal nerves.

Healthy Spine ensures Smooth Blood Circulation

In alternative medicine, spleen and liver controls the blood circulation, but in western medicine, it’s the heart and the kidneys that perform this task. However, the fact that these organs are connected to the spinal nerve is not so different. Most of our body organs are connected to the autonomic nerves from the thoracic vertebrae. From the chiropractic (a form of alternative medicine) perspective, the thoracic vertebrae number 1 is connected to bronchus, no 2 to heart, 3 to lung, 4 to gall bladder, 5 to liver, 7 to pancreas, 8 to spleen, 9~11 to kidneys, and 12 is connected to small intestine. If parts of these thoracic vertebrae are crooked, then the spinal nerves get sqeezed, causing dysfunction of the corresponding organ. For example, if there is a problem with thoracic vertebrae number 3, then you would become vulnerable to such diseases as pleurisy and pneumonia. The spleen and the liver are connected to thoracic vertebrae 5 and 8, and if there are problems in these parts, then there could be problems with blood circulation. Also, from the western medicine perspective, the heart and kidneys are connected to thoracic vertebrae 9~11, therefore it can easily be seen that the blood circulation is intimately related to the spine. So in order to be free of blood circulation related disorders, the spine must be true and straight. If spine is either crooked or get out of place, the blood do not get produced properly, and the organs start to have problems due to squeezing of spinal nerves, causing bad blood circulation

All Diseases Originate from the Spine

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Our body is an intricate network of nerves which starts from the brain and extends to the spinal nerves. It then extends to the peripheral nerves and autonomic nervous system. If only one of these malfunction, our body begins to malfunction as a whole. In particular, if the spinal nerves, which play a central role in connecting the brain to other nerve systems, starts to malfunction, our body simply falls to chaos. Therefore we must always make the best effort to maintain and align our backs.

Clinical massage therapies such as chiropractic therapy theorize how nerves from the spine are connected to the organs and realigning the spine helps to sooth muscles and relieve joint pain. Similar alternative medical treatments related to improving health through spinal realignment also theorize that spinal treatments can improve your overall health. Interpretation of such therapy could vary, depending on the variety of treatments available. However, it is very clear that the spinal nerves are interconnected with our body organs.

In some eastern countries, such as Korea, a non-medicinal procedure to treat acute upset stomach or indigestion is by massaging the limbs, pricking the tip of a finger to release small traces of blood, or by gently tapping the backbone. Typically the thoracic vertebrae between 4-8 is gently and repeatedly tapped, due to the correlation between this region and the digestive system. So, by gently tapping the backbone, we stimulate the autonomic nervous system, which in turn accelerates digestion and recovery of the entire digestive system. Similar to tapping someone’s back when they vomit. Furthermore, the thoracic vertebrae 6-10 can be correlated with chronic disorders such as diabetes, while the lumbar vertebrae 3-4 has been associated with menstrual disorders. Thereby, correcting these regions of the vertebrae improves these conditions and aliments.